Divorce in Thailand

Divorce in Thailand

Divorce is a life-altering decision that affects individuals and families worldwide. In Thailand, a country known for its rich culture and unique legal system, there are several types of divorce available to couples seeking to end their marriage. Understanding these different types and the process involved in filing for divorce is crucial for anyone navigating the dissolution of their union in Thailand. This article aims to shed light on the various types of divorce in Thailand and provide a step-by-step guide on how to file for them.

Uncontested Divorce

An uncontested divorce, also known as an “amicable divorce” or “divorce by mutual consent,” is the most common type of divorce in Thailand. It occurs when both spouses agree to end their marriage and reach a consensus on important issues such as child custody, division of assets, and financial obligations. An uncontested divorce can be filed jointly, with both parties submitting a written agreement to the district office or local Amphoe.

Contested Divorce

In situations where spouses are unable to reach an agreement on various divorce-related matters, a contested divorce is pursued. A contested divorce involves one spouse filing a petition for divorce and the other party contesting the grounds for divorce or disputing key issues such as child custody, property division, or financial support. In such cases, the court may mediate or make a final judgment based on evidence presented by both parties.

Steps to File for Divorce in Thailand

Here is a general overview of the process to file for divorce in Thailand:

  1. Consultation: Seek legal advice from a qualified family lawyer experienced in Thai family law to understand the specific requirements and implications of your situation.
  2. Gather Documentation: Collect relevant documents such as marriage certificates, identification cards, evidence of assets, and any supporting evidence related to the grounds for divorce.
  3. Negotiation/Mediation: Attempt to negotiate or mediate with your spouse to reach an agreement on key issues, including child custody, property division, and financial support.
  4. Prepare and File the Petition: Engage your lawyer to draft and submit the necessary divorce petition to the appropriate court or district office.
  5. Court Proceedings: Attend court hearings, if required, and present your case or negotiate with your spouse to resolve any outstanding issues.
  6. Divorce Decree: Upon reaching an agreement or after the court’s decision, a divorce decree will be issued, officially terminating the marriage.


Divorce in Thailand encompasses various types, each suited to different circumstances and considerations. From uncontested divorces based on mutual consent to more complex cases that require court intervention, understanding the available options is crucial for those navigating the dissolution of their marriage. By seeking professional legal counsel and following the prescribed steps, individuals can navigate the divorce process in Thailand with greater clarity and ensure a smoother transition into their post-marital lives.

Prenuptial Agreement in Thailand

Prenuptial Agreements in Thailand

Prenuptial agreements in Thailand provide a financial plan that can be managed through the course of a marriage and upon dissolution (divorce). They also minimize expensive divorce lawyer fees.

A prenuptial agreement defines one party’s separate property, and establishes and documents their debt before marriage. It is enforceable under Thai Family Law, and can be changed or terminated after registration of the marriage.

Prenuptial Agreements for Foreigners

A prenuptial agreement is a written contract made by people planning to marry. It lists their property, debts and assets and states the rights they will have in case of divorce or death. It is a useful tool for couples who have substantial assets and properties and want to control the division of these assets in the event of a divorce.

The prenuptial agreement is a legal document that guarantees that assets acquired by either of the two parties prior to marriage will remain in their possession unless specified otherwise. It also guarantees that any debt acquired by a couple before marriage will not be regarded as part of their marital property. It is important that this agreement is drafted by an experienced lawyer to ensure that it is valid and enforceable under Thai law.

For US CITIZENS, a prenuptial agreement is valid in all 50 states under the Uniform Premarital Agreement Act. The law in Thailand is slightly different but a well-drafted prenuptial agreement can be enforced. For UK CITIZENS, the law is more complicated but a properly drafted prenuptial agreement can be effective in Thailand.

Another reason to draft a prenuptial agreement in Thailand is to protect one’s assets from the other spouse’s debts. If your spouse-to-be runs up a credit card bill that you weren’t aware of, it can result in debt collectors seizing the couple’s joint assets. A prenuptial agreement can prevent this from happening by assigning debt to the appropriate spouse in the event of a separation or divorce.

A prenuptial agreement can be a difficult topic to discuss but it can save heartache and money in the long run. Without a prenuptial agreement, assets that you worked hard to acquire will be distributed by the state and may not be fair for both parties. It is best to get an attorney on your side before it is too late and you have to fight for what’s rightfully yours.

Drafting a Prenuptial Agreement for Foreigners in Thailand

A prenuptial agreement (also known as a prenup or antenuptial agreement) is a legal contract prepared by two people before marriage that lists all of their assets and debts, and states their rights in the event of divorce or death. It is generally enforceable in Thailand if it meets certain requirements. For example, it must be in writing, signed by both parties, witnessed by at least two people, and incorporated or annexed to the Marriage Register at the time of registration. It also must not contain any provisions that are against public order or good morals, or that conflict with Thai law.

A well-drafted prenuptial agreement should help protect a person’s personal assets and property in the event of a divorce, and may also lower the litigation fees involved. However, it is important to have an experienced Thai family lawyer draft the contract to ensure that it is upheld by the courts and is in accordance with local laws.

When you work with a qualified legal professional, they will carefully listen to your situation and needs and create a custom prenuptial agreement that is tailored to your unique circumstances. They will also assist you in registering the prenuptial agreement in the Marriage Registry and ensure that it is properly documented.

As a foreigner planning to marry in Thailand, it is important to have a prenuptial agreement in place to ensure that your assets are protected in the event of a divorce. A team of lawyers specializing in family law can provide you with the assistance you need to understand and implement a prenuptial agreement that meets all of the required legal standards in Thailand. Contact a legal professional today to get started. They can guide you through the process and have your prenup ready in just a few business days. The first consultation is often free of charge. Legal offices can be found in various locations, including Bangkok, and remote assistance is also available if needed.