Thai Limited Company Registration

Limited Company Registration in Thailand

A Limited Company is a legal entity that can be operated for a long period of time. Normally, it cannot be dissolved easily. The first step is to reserve the name of the company. This can take a few days to complete. Then, a statutory meeting must be conducted.

Choosing a Company Name

One of the first steps in registering a business is choosing a company name. It should be unique and represent what the business does. It should also be easy to pronounce for non-English speakers. The company name should not be related to the names of governmental units or the royal family. It should also not be against public morals.

Once the company name is chosen, a statutory meeting must be held. During this meeting, the company charter and articles of association are drafted. Moreover, the responsibilities of directors and auditors are assigned at this time. In addition, it is mandatory for a limited company to have its head office located in Thailand along with a copy of house registration (Tabien Baan) number and Letter of Consent obtained from the landlord.

Memorandum of Association (MOA)

When it comes to setting up a limited company in Thailand, it is essential to prepare a Memorandum of association (MOA). This document outlines all the important details about the business, such as its financial state, shareholders list, and directors. It also ensures that the company is registered in accordance with the law and is a trustworthy investment for both investors and third parties.

One of the main requirements for a limited company is its capital requirement, which must be at least 1 million baht. The company must also have at least four local employees for each foreign worker employed, if it wants to apply for a work permit. The MOA is filed with the Department of Business Development along with a stamp duty of 200 baht. It also includes a statement of the company’s objectives and principles at the time of its formation.

Articles of Association (AoA)

A Thai company’s articles of association are a public document that outlines how the company will be run, governed, and owned. The articles can put restrictions on the company’s powers – for example, they can prohibit the directors from pursuing certain courses of action without shareholder approval. Your corporate lawyer in Thailand can help prepare the documentation and submit it to the Ministry of Commerce.

The documents should include information about the company’s structure, including details of its directors and shareholders. They should also contain a description of the purpose of the company. This is important because it demonstrates that the company has a clear purpose and will be sustainable for the long term. The documents are also enforceable against third parties, unlike private Shareholder Agreements.

Conduct a Statutory Meeting

Once the MOA has been approved by DBD, the company must hold a statutory meeting. This meeting is a crucial step in the drafting of the company charter. It will contain information such as the company name, address, intended scope of business activities, the number and type of shares issued, the signatures and details of shareholders, and a declaration that the liability of the shareholders is limited.

The company must also arrange annual shareholder meetings and submit accounts to the registrar. If a company fails to meet these requirements, it may lose its right to register. In addition, a foreign company cannot purchase land in Thailand without the cabinet’s approval. Moreover, a foreign director must retire at least once every three years. This requirement is subject to future changes in the law.

Company Registration Proper

In Thailand, the registration of a Limited Company is an important step. This process includes the reservation of a company name (in accordance with the guidelines set by the Department of Business Development) and convening a statutory meeting. This meeting should include details of the company’s shareholders, address, and registration number, intended scope of business activities, province of registered office, declaration that the liability of the directors is limited, and a list of members.

Our team of proficient lawyers, fluent in English, possesses extensive expertise in assisting entrepreneurs throughout the company registration process in Thailand. We also offer guidance on work visas and immigration matters. Our goal is to simplify and expedite the process for you, ensuring full compliance with Thai law.

Company Registration in Thailand

Company Registration in Thailand

Company registration in Thailand is a long process with many steps. A legal advisor can help you get your business up and running quickly and stay legal once you’re in business.

The company name must be different from an existing registered Thai or foreign business and must end with “limited.” A registrar may reject the application if it’s too similar to another name.

Basic Requirements

If you want to set up a company in Thailand, you must first reserve the name of your enterprise with the Department of Business Development (DBD). The names must end with ‘limited’ and cannot be identical to or similar to other registered companies. Also, certain terms are prohibited, such as the word investment or capital.

The next step is to draft a Memorandum of Association, which includes the company’s business objectives, capital, number of shares, and the names of promoters. You must have at least three promoters for a private limited company and fifteen for a public limited company.

After drafting the document, you must deposit the necessary minimum share capital and pay stamp duty. You will also need to open a bank account for your company and obtain any other sector-specific licenses required by the government.

Thai Limited Company

A limited company is the most popular business structure for foreign investors in Thailand. It is a legal entity that has its own rights and obligations separate from its shareholders, which makes it easy to manage. It also allows for a wide range of ownership options and is more flexible with respect to working permit requirements. In addition, it offers the protection of limited liability to its shareholders, which means that any agreements or commitments made by the company do not bind the shareholders personally.

When setting up a Thai limited company, there are several steps that must be followed. The initial promoters must file a memorandum of association, convene a statutory meeting and register the company. The company must also open a bank account and apply for its tax ID card.

Thai Representative Office

A representative office is a commonly chosen option for foreign companies seeking a non-trading legal entity. This form allows complete ownership by the foreign company and functions as a unified legal entity that serves as an extension of the headquarters. While it cannot generate income within Thailand, it can provide reports on business trends in the country to the head office.

A law firm can provide assistance in preparing the necessary documents required for establishing a representative office in Thailand. These documents include a notarized copy of the representative’s passport and proof of non-immigrant status. It is essential for these documents to be notarized and certified by the relevant Thai embassy or consulate before being submitted to the commercial register.

Typically, a representative office is exempt from taxes, but it must allocate a minimum of Baht 3 million as operating expenditure within the country. This capital injection needs to be completed during the initial year of operation.

Thai Partnership

If you’re planning to set up a business in Thailand, it’s important to understand the different types of structures available. Choosing the right structure depends on the size and nature of your business, and it also has implications for taxes. Depending on your objectives, you may want to consider a partnership or a limited company.

Ordinary partnerships are a form of association where all partners are jointly and unlimitedly accountable for the partnership’s obligations. They can be unregistered or registered. Registered ordinary partnerships are treated as juristic entities for tax purposes.

Foreign investors can also establish a representative office or branch office in Thailand. These non-trading companies cannot earn revenue, but they can conduct market research and promote products. They can also collaborate with local companies to gain access to resources and expertise.

US-Thai Treaty of Amity

The US-Thai Treaty of Amity allows Americans to form a business in Thailand. However, the company must be a limited company with a minimum of 2 million baht in capital to receive protection under the treaty. This is a substantial amount, especially since violations of Thai business regulations are punishable by criminal penalties.

The US-Thai Treaty of amity provides a range of benefits for American investors, including the ability to maintain majority ownership of the company. It also grants national treatment, which means that US companies are exempt from the restrictions of the Foreign Business Act. To apply for the treaty, the business must submit a notarized copy of each owner’s passport or birth certificate and provide documents that establish that the company meets the requirements of the treaty.

If you are considering company registration in Thailand, we encourage you to reach out to us. Our team is well-equipped and experienced in assisting foreign companies with their registration needs. We can provide comprehensive guidance and support throughout the process, ensuring a smooth and efficient establishment of your business. Don’t hesitate to contact us for personalized assistance tailored to your specific requirements. Let us be your trusted partner in navigating the complexities of company registration in Thailand. We look forward to hearing from you and helping you achieve your business goals in this vibrant market.

Property Title Transfer in Thailand

Transfer of Title Deed in Thailand

Transfer of Title Deed in Thailand. Owning a property in Thailand can be an exciting and rewarding investment; can be complex and requires careful attention. However, the process of transferring a Title Deed, also known as a Chanote, can be complex and requires careful attention to legal and administrative details. This is where the expertise of a property lawyer becomes invaluable. In this article, we will explore the process of transferring a Title Deed in Thailand and discuss the important roles and responsibilities of a property lawyer throughout the process.

Due Diligence and Documentation

The first step in the Title Deed transfer process involves conducting a thorough due diligence check on the property. A property lawyer will verify the legality of the property, ensuring that there are no encumbrances, disputes, or outstanding debts associated with it. They will review the necessary documentation, such as the Title Deed, land surveys, and any relevant contracts or agreements.

Drafting and Reviewing Contracts

Once the due diligence is complete and the property is deemed legally sound, the property lawyer will draft and review the necessary contracts and agreements. This includes the purchase agreement, which outlines the terms and conditions of the property transfer. The lawyer will ensure that the contract protects the interests of their client and complies with Thai laws and regulations.

Tax Planning and Payment

Thailand imposes certain taxes and fees on property transfers, including transfer fees, specific business tax, and stamp duty. A property lawyer will provide guidance on tax planning, helping their client understand the tax implications and optimizing the tax structure. They will also ensure that all taxes and fees are paid correctly and on time to avoid any legal issues in the future.

Representing the Client at the Land Office

The property lawyer plays a crucial role in representing the client at the Land Office during the Title Deed transfer process. They will prepare the necessary documents and accompany the client to the Land Office for the official transfer. This includes submitting the application for transfer, paying the relevant fees, and assisting with the completion of required forms.

Title Deed Transfer and Registration

Once all the paperwork is in order, the property lawyer will oversee the actual transfer of the Title Deed. They will ensure that the transfer is conducted according to the legal requirements and that the new owner’s rights are protected. The lawyer will facilitate the registration of the transfer with the Land Office, making the ownership change official and updating the land records accordingly.

Post-Transfer Support

Even after the Title Deed transfer is completed, a property lawyer can provide valuable support to the new property owner. They can assist with the registration of utilities, such as water and electricity, and help navigate any legal or administrative issues that may arise in the future. Having a property lawyer on hand ensures that the new owner is well-informed and protected throughout their ownership journey.

Engaging a Property Lawyer

Transferring a Title Deed in Thailand is a detailed process that requires professional expertise and legal knowledge. Engaging a property lawyer is highly recommended to ensure a smooth and legally compliant transfer. From due diligence and documentation to representing the client at the Land Office, a property lawyer plays a vital role in safeguarding the interests of their client and facilitating a successful Title Deed transfer.

It is possible to complete the process of transferring a Title Deed in Thailand remotely, and it can be done either via video conference with the Land Department officer or by signing a Power of Attorney for a representative that the client appoints (a friend). A property lawyer will advise on this.

Contract Review in Thailand

Contract Review in Thailand

Getting a contract review in Thailand is not cheap but is well worth it. It ensures that you’re not getting ripped off and will save you from unforeseen legal problems. A skilled lawyer will read your contract line by line, highlighting areas that may require revisions.

Contract reviews can strengthen your position and reduce liability, especially as a foreign buyer. They can also help you check if a property has all the required government permits.

Sales Contract

The contract that describes the sale of a property is an essential part of any real estate transaction. However, it’s often ambiguous and can lead to disputes. In such cases, it’s important to have a professional review the contract before signing it. This will help ensure that the contract is fair and does not violate any laws.

The review process involves reading the contract line-by-line and highlighting areas that are of concern. This can speed up the process and save money. It can also make it easier to reach an agreement and adhere to legal requirements.

A sales contract review in Thailand can be very beneficial to both buyers and sellers. It strengthens a buyer’s position, reduces liability and clarifies what each party is responsible for in case of a dispute. This is especially important for foreigners who may not understand the Thai legal system. The process can also identify hidden risks that might be costly in the long run.

Property Purchase Contract

A contract review for a property purchase in Thailand is an important step for foreign buyers. This process will ensure that you understand your rights and obligations. It will also help you reduce risks and avoid costly legal battles in the future. The review will also ensure that your contract is legally binding and complies with all legal requirements.

During the contract review, an experienced lawyer will read your contract line by line and highlight areas that need revision. This will speed up the negotiation process and reduce your legal costs. In addition, the reviewer can check that the information in your contract matches the title deed and government permit. They can also ensure that your investment is in accordance with local tax laws and environmental regulations.

This is especially important for foreign buyers who may not be familiar with Thai law. The contract review will ensure that your investment is protected and that you receive the value of your money.

Lease Agreement

In Thailand, a contract review can be extremely important for foreign business owners. A professional with expertise in litigation can help ensure that the contract complies with the law and contains all the necessary information. This can reduce the risk of costly and stressful lawsuits down the road.

A contract review can also help avoid pitfalls such as unequal bargaining positions and fraud. By having a professional review the contract, you can be confident that your rights and interests are protected. A contract review can also help you save money by avoiding hidden charges and fees.

Contract reviews in Thailand are typically conducted by legal practitioners, who have extensive litigation experience and bring innovative solutions to the table. They can assist you in navigating the complex legal system and help you find any pitfalls that may be present in the agreement. In addition, they can offer a variety of services to suit your specific needs.

Business Contract

For foreign businessmen in Thailand, it is important to have a contract reviewed before signing. This reduces legal risk and ensures that the agreement complies with Thai laws. At Integrity Legal, we can provide a thorough contract review for your business in Thailand. Our services are affordable and can help you avoid legal complications in the future.

Having a good lawyer in Thailand to conduct a contract review is an essential step for avoiding legal problems down the road. A lawyer can point out errors in the contract and help you understand its terms. They can also help you decide what recourse you have in the case of undelivered promises.

A thorough contract review can prevent legal disputes over ambiguous clauses that are costly to resolve. This is especially true for businesses that use technology in their operations. If a company is not careful, it could end up paying for damages in the future. Contract reviews can help companies avoid such expenses by identifying hidden risks.

Due Diligence in Thailand

Due Diligence in Thailand

A property due diligence investigation in Thailand is a crucial step in the purchasing process. It can help you avoid fraud and protect your property rights. It can also prevent you from losing money.

A real estate due diligence in Thailand is a thorough examination of the property and its seller. It includes checking a variety of things, including the title deed and building permit.

Checking the Title of the Property

In Thailand, property due diligence is a process of researching a potential investment in real estate. It involves examining a property’s title deed and verifying its history. It also includes checking the land’s description and ensuring that it matches records in the local Land Office. It is important to conduct this research before purchasing a property in Thailand. Otherwise, you may be ripped off by fraudulent sellers or developers.

If you’re buying a property that is still being built, you should check its construction permit. This will verify that the developer has a building permit for the property and has passed its environmental impact study. It will also ensure that it complies with the local zoning laws. If you’re investing in a commercial development, you should also look at the company’s registered date and share capital. You should also check whether there are debts or other legal issues against the company. This is important for investors as they can avoid paying extra fees and taxes later.

Checking the Building Permit

Buying land or building a house or villa in Thailand is a popular way for expatriates to invest. Those who want to purchase immovable property in this country must first conduct due diligence to verify the legitimacy of the seller and make sure there are no legal encumbrances on the property. Due Diligence is a process that involves examining all the relevant documents and determining the condition of the property. This verification is usually conducted by lawyers or property practitioners.

There are several problems that can arise when you buy a property in Thailand. For example, you may discover that a previous owner did not pay their taxes on the property or that the building encroaches on government land. Additionally, you may find out that the property is subject to a usufruct or servitude. These problems can be difficult to solve. By performing a thorough property due diligence, you can lower your risk of losing money on a bad investment.

Checking the Current Owner of the Property

Due diligence is a process that ensures the buyer that they are purchasing land that has been purchased legally. It also helps to make sure that the seller has not been involved in any illegal activities or criminal activity. It is a crucial step in any real estate transaction and it can save you from financial, legal, and emotional distress.

The scope of property due diligence in Thailand includes the verification of a buyer’s legal ownership of the property, checking for any existing debts, and evaluating all building construction permits. It may also involve conducting a thorough search of land documents and conducting surveys. A specialist property practitioner will be able to conduct this process.

In some cases, unscrupulous individuals hound would be property buyers and deprive them of a fair deal on their purchase. This is why it is so important to perform proper due diligence. Vulnerable legal areas often overlooked by investors include payment frauds and secret business interests.

Checking the Property’s Condition

It is important to check the property’s condition before you purchase it. This will help you avoid any problems in the future, such as a property being built on land that is zoned for industrial purposes. This can cause serious problems for you if you don’t do proper due diligence before you buy.

Physical due diligence typically involves inspecting the physical construction on the property. This may involve the use of specialists from different fields to provide a more thorough inspection, which can reduce the likelihood that a flaw will be missed. In addition, a professional chartered surveyor should conduct a land survey to confirm the property’s boundaries. This can prevent the seller from committing fraud and ensure that you’re getting what you paid for. The survey also checks whether the land has been subject to a previous mortgage or is limited by a servitude, usufruct, or superficies. These things can limit the development of a property.

Divorce in Thailand

Divorce in Thailand

Divorce is a life-altering decision that affects individuals and families worldwide. In Thailand, a country known for its rich culture and unique legal system, there are several types of divorce available to couples seeking to end their marriage. Understanding these different types and the process involved in filing for divorce is crucial for anyone navigating the dissolution of their union in Thailand. This article aims to shed light on the various types of divorce in Thailand and provide a step-by-step guide on how to file for them.

Uncontested Divorce

An uncontested divorce, also known as an “amicable divorce” or “divorce by mutual consent,” is the most common type of divorce in Thailand. It occurs when both spouses agree to end their marriage and reach a consensus on important issues such as child custody, division of assets, and financial obligations. An uncontested divorce can be filed jointly, with both parties submitting a written agreement to the district office or local Amphoe.

Contested Divorce

In situations where spouses are unable to reach an agreement on various divorce-related matters, a contested divorce is pursued. A contested divorce involves one spouse filing a petition for divorce and the other party contesting the grounds for divorce or disputing key issues such as child custody, property division, or financial support. In such cases, the court may mediate or make a final judgment based on evidence presented by both parties.

Steps to File for Divorce in Thailand

Here is a general overview of the process to file for divorce in Thailand:

  1. Consultation: Seek legal advice from a qualified family lawyer experienced in Thai family law to understand the specific requirements and implications of your situation.
  2. Gather Documentation: Collect relevant documents such as marriage certificates, identification cards, evidence of assets, and any supporting evidence related to the grounds for divorce.
  3. Negotiation/Mediation: Attempt to negotiate or mediate with your spouse to reach an agreement on key issues, including child custody, property division, and financial support.
  4. Prepare and File the Petition: Engage your lawyer to draft and submit the necessary divorce petition to the appropriate court or district office.
  5. Court Proceedings: Attend court hearings, if required, and present your case or negotiate with your spouse to resolve any outstanding issues.
  6. Divorce Decree: Upon reaching an agreement or after the court’s decision, a divorce decree will be issued, officially terminating the marriage.


Divorce in Thailand encompasses various types, each suited to different circumstances and considerations. From uncontested divorces based on mutual consent to more complex cases that require court intervention, understanding the available options is crucial for those navigating the dissolution of their marriage. By seeking professional legal counsel and following the prescribed steps, individuals can navigate the divorce process in Thailand with greater clarity and ensure a smoother transition into their post-marital lives.